Miscellaneous (한 + EN)
The Societies of Control
We are in a generalized crisis in relation to all the environments of enclosure. ... These [The new forces] are the societies of control, which are in the process of replacing disciplinary societies. "Control" is the name Burroughs proposes as a term for the new monster, one that Foucault recognizes as our immediate future. ...
Enclosures are molds, distinct castings, but controls are a modulation, like a self-deforming cast that will continuously change from one moment to the other, or like a sieve whose mesh will transmute from point to point. ...
Types of machines are easily matched with each type of society–not that machines are determining, but because they express those social forms capable of generating them and using them. The old societies of sovereignty made use of simple machines–levers, pulleys, clocks; but the recent disciplinary societies equipped themselves with ... computers, whose passive danger is jamming and whose active one is piracy or the introduction of viruses. This technological evolution must be, even more profoundly, a mutation of capitalism, an already well-known or familiar mutation ... nineteenth-century capitalism is a capitalism of concentration, for production and for property. It therefore erects a factory as a space of enclosure ... But in the present situation, capitalism is no longer involved in production, which it often relegates to the Third World ... Thus is essentially dispersive, and the factory has given way to the corporation. ... Marketing has become the center or the "soul" of the corporation. We are taught that corporations have a soul ... Control is ... continuous and without limit ... Man is no longer man enclosed, but man in debt.
The socio-technological study of the mechanisms of control ... In the prison system ... the use of electronic collars that force the convicted person to stay at home during certain hours. For the school system ... the introduction of the "corporation" at all levels of schooling. ... the progressive and dispersed installation of a new system of domination. One of the most important questions will concern the ineptitude of the unions.
Many young people strangely boast of being "motivated"; they re-request apprenticeships and permanent training. It's up to them to discover what they're being made to serve, just as their elders discovered, not without difficulty, the telos of the disciplines. The coils of a serpent are even more complex that the burrows of a molehill.
– Deleuze, G. (1990). Postscript on the Societies of Control.