Miscellaneous (한 + EN)

Reboot in Entertainment Media

2019-09-27 00:24
(2019. 6. 8)

"Can a remnant from the Jiggle TV era be reinvented as a female-empowerment action flick for the Time’s Up generation?"

⁠— Fretts, B. (June 27, 2019). The New York Times.

"What is hegemonic precisely the notion that happiness, or liberty, or equality, or the existing private commodity forms, under the benign, protective state. This ideological core is what remains essentially unchanged entertainment, at the same time the inner tensions."

— Gitlin, T. (1979). Prime time ideology: The hegemonic process in television entertainment. Social Problems, 26(3), 251-266.

"The environment that sustains the most distinctive aspects of human existence is the environment of symbols. We learn, share, and act upon meanings derived from that environment. ... Common rituals and mythologies are agencies of symbolic socialization and control. They demonstrate how society works by dramatizing its norms and values.

… We begin with the assertion that television is the central cultural arm of American society. It is an agency of the established order and as such serves primarily to extend and maintain rather than to alter, threaten, or weaken conventional conceptions, beliefs, and behaviors. Its chief cultural function is to spread and stabilize social patterns, to cultivate not change but resistance to change. Television is a medium of the socialization of most people into standardized roles and behaviors. Its function is, in a word, enculturation.

... Television, the flagship of industrial mass culture, now rivals ancient religions as a purveyor of organic patterns of symbols-news and other entertainment-that animate national and even global communities’ senses of reality and value. The structural characteristics of television drama are not easily controlled. They reflect basic cultural assumptions that make a show “entertaining”—i.e., smoothly and pleasingly fitting dominant notions (and prejudices) about social relations and thus demonstrating conventional notions of morality and power."

— Gerbner, G., & Gross, L. (1976). Living with television: The violence profile. Journal of Communication, 26(2), 172-199.

"Though there is glaring behavioral evidence that most Americans tune out the news (Bakshy, Messing and Adamic 2015; Flaxman, Goel and Rao 2016), very little attention has been paid to what political content is present in what they are watching instead. Entertainment media is still viewed as “at best a distraction from politics and at worst a cause of active disengagement” and is deemed worthy of studying only when it affects ostensibly political variables (Carpini 2014).

... In the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, Americans read Horatio Alger’s “rags-to-riches” dime novels. Today, their counterparts in the new Gilded Age are browsing through hundreds of channels saturated with “rags-to-riches” entertainment programs, and have elected the former host of The Apprentice as the head of state. In this era of choice, entertainment media content is what appeals to citizens, as lowbrow as it may seem; the political consequences, however, are anything but trivial."

— Kim, E. (2018). Entertaining beliefs in economic mobility. Working paper.